An explanation of hosting
As its name hints, web hosting is a service, which involves hosting online content. There are various forms and types of hosting, depending on the mission and on the objectives. Nevertheless, they all involve hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Internet. A host is actually a web server that is connected to the World Wide Web and has its very own IP address, which permits users to have access to it through the World Wide Web. The server's configuration and its limitations depend on the type of hosting solution it will be utilized for.
What are the different forms of web hosting?
Based on the function, the professional hosting service may be:
File Storage Hosting - this form of web hosting permits the customers to store their files on a specific web hosting server. With the standard file storage web hosting service, the files that are stored may only be accessed by the client that's using the service. This web hosting solution mainly includes backups of personal computers , documents, private files and even other servers. This service may also involve given restrictions in terms of the server storage space and the root access. There may also be web traffic quota limits, but that depends on the given host.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is quite similar to the previous web hosting service type. Yet, in contrast with the file storage web hosting service, the warez web hosting solution is used for propagating proprietary work without the permission of the license keeper. In brief - it is connected with the unlawful distribution of files and docs. There are a lot of methods for this to be completed, but the 2 chief methods are - through simple Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first one involves either some web site, or, most commonly, just a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download copyrighted materials free of charge. The second way involves a P2P connection, using the so-called Torrent web servers, through which users transmit files between each other. There are a few website hosting vendors that allow that form of hosting on their web hosting servers, chiefly due to all the judicial complications that it involves. Usually such web pages are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by 3rd party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Web Hosting - this service is applicable with both shared website hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the user's wish. If you want to establish your very own private SMTP mail server, then you will need either a virtual web hosting server or a dedicated web server that offers the level of access needed to accomplish such a task. For customary e-mail web hosting purposes, though, you can open an average shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain name. This is not a solution that's very popular, since the web hosting and the email hosting services are being served by two separate servers, usually belonging to different web hosting providers.
Website Hosting - the most widely spread and extensively used hosting service at the moment. It's used for hosting site files, whose kind depends on the Operating System the server is utilizing - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files necessitate concrete hosting server Operating Systems, or else they won't be exhibited properly on the Web. This kind of web hosting may involve data space and bandwidth quota limits, server root access and central processing unit usage limits.
Based on the mission and on the functions, the customer should choose the type of hosting server that he needs for his work, and, of course, the website hosting supplier that's going to provide it. There are several kinds of servers, depending on the specs and the site hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared web space hosting server offers a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small scale and middle size sites, which do not demand enormous amounts of data storage space and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated - they are based on the same principle as the shared hosting servers. Nonetheless, there are much fewer clients hosted on the same web hosting server. That is why, each of them will enjoy a bigger share of the hosting server's resources like RAM, server storage space, bandwidth and CPU. Perfect for hosting heavy sites that do not require full root privileges.
Virtual Private Server - the VPS servers are ideal for medium size web sites, which do require root access to the server's configuration files. Traditionally, there are a few VPS server hosting accounts hosted on the same machine. Yet, each of them is insulated from the others and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated server set up and accessed by you and only you. It ensures a great quantity of resources. It also gives complete server root access, which makes it an excellent environment for any sort of website that necessitates a website hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which web space hosting distributor should I pick?
As already mentioned, there are very few hosts offering warez web hosting solutions due to legal problems. Such hosting providers are being closed down almost every month. Therefore, if you wish to run such a service, you should do it on your very own personal computer. The shared web hosting service is the most famous kind of web hosting service. That is why, each web site hosting corporation offers it. Not all of them, though, provide services such as virtual servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated servers. Most of the small sized web space hosting providers do not have the means demanded for offering those solutions. Because of that it's invariably best to choose a bigger host that can furnish its clients with all the services that they seek. You can quickly recognize such web hosts by the sorts of services that they are supplying and by the manner in which they present them to the customers. For instance, certain web hosting providers permit you to commence with a small scale web hosting account and subsequently move to a bigger one, if you find it compulsory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not have to transfer sites between web servers and there is no danger of facing service disturbances due to all the complications that may take place. Web hosts like Alpha are offering all types of services and possess the necessary web hosting server resources and staff to ensure that their clients will not experience any problems when swapping services, which is what a top hosting supplier is actually all about.